Smart Solution For Power Shortage

Power Shortage is one of the biggest problem of the world. Therefore in this article Ravish Kumar is suggesting one the solution for it.

Problem

  • Realization that electrical energy-sourced accessories to an evolving lifestyle are cleaner and thus more environmentally sustainable than other readily-available forms of energy provision.
  • Not enough electrical generation to economically power all the consumption that has increased since that realization.
  • Excessive space taken up by windmills, photo-electric arrays, generating stations.
  • Excessive pollution caused by atomic and fossil-fueled electricity sources, CFL and CCFL lighting.
  • Expensive electrical provision from general suppliers to consumer locations
  • Lack of initiative to develop large coal and natural gas resources present in India

Current Scenario in India

  • The electricity sector in India had an installed capacity of 223.625 GW as of April 2013, the world's fifth largest.
  • Captive power plants generate an additional 34.444 GW.
  • Non Renewable Power Plants constitute 87.55% of the installed capacity and 12.45% of Renewable Capacity.
  • Installed electricity capacity are shown in the below figure.
  • Per capita average annual consumption in India - 96 kWh in rural areas & 288 kWh in urban areas
  • Worldwide per capita annual average consumption - 2600 kWh
  • India - world's fourth largest energy consumer after United States, China and Russia.

Reason of Increasing Demand

  • India's manufacturing sector is likely to grow faster than in the past.
  • Domestic demand will increase more rapidly as the quality of life for more Indians improve.
  • About 125,000 villages are likely to get connected to India's electricity grid.
  • Currently blackouts and load shedding artificially suppresses demand.
  • Transportation.
  • Increasing Population.
  • Agriculture.

Solution

  • Awareness Program.
  • Increase Power Generation.
  • Use Efficient Equipment.

Electrical Equipment

It has been broadly classified into four categories: IT Sector, Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning (HVAC), Lighting and Electric Motor.


Electric Motor

Commonly used motor are: DC Motor (DCM), Synchronous Motor (SM) and Induction Motor (IM). Out of which induction motor is mostly used motor which have 50-60 % efficiency. If we can have efficient motor than power shortage can be reduced.

The solution is Permanent Magnet Motor which is of two types: PMSM (Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor) and PMBLDCM (Permanent Magnet Brushless Direct Current Motor). Both the motors have 80-90 % efficiency. PMSM is available with High and medium power rating i.e. used in satellite etc. PMBLDCM is available with lower power rating i.e. used in computer etc.


Reference:

  1. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/site/home.aspx
  2. Central Electricity Authority, http://www.cea.nic.in/
  3. Ministry of Power, http://powermin.nic.in/
  4. NMB Technologies Corporation, http://www.nmbtc.com/
  5. R. Krishnan, “Permanent Magnet Synchronous and Brushless DC Motor Drives,” CRC Press, U.S.A., 2010.

Written By:

Ravish Kumar, Diploma Scholar, Electrical Engineering (EE), Phonics Group of Institutions (PGI), Roorkee - 247667, Uttarakhand, INDIA.

4 comments:

  1. Your Post is very interesting and explained very nicely.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you sir

    ReplyDelete
  3. Your post is intresting and very nice and advanced knowledge

    ReplyDelete
  4. Nice post….

    ReplyDelete

Powered by Blogger.